Simple facts and information relating to the Himalayas has been widely requested via our Nepal site. For this reason, the following information was compiled with the intention of creating some simple facts and figures relating to the most beautiful range of mountains in the world.
When translated, the Himalayas means the ‘abode of snow’!
The Himalayas formed approximately 70 million of years ago following a collision between India and Asia via the Indo Austrlian and Eurasian plates. This tremendous collision resulted in the beautiful Himalayan range for which Nepal is now so famous.
75% of Nepal is covered by the Himalayas
Although the Himalayas is the highest mountain range in the world, it is also the youngest.
The Himalayas in Nepal contains over 250 beautiful peaks which all exceed 6,000 meters in height.
31 of the Himalayan peaks exceed 7,600 meters
Of the fifteen highest mountain peaks in the World, nine of them are contained within the Nepal Himalayas
Mount Everest (8,848 metres), the highest mountain in the world, is part of the Himalayas in Nepal. Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay were the first people to climb Mount Everest in 1953.
The Himalayas is formed by three key ‘bands’ all of which are parallel with each other. The highest peak of mountains from within these three bands is the Great Himalayan Range. The Great Himalayan range has an average height of 4,570 meters
There is stunning geographical variation in the Himalayan mountains. The geographic variation is incredible as individuals travelling through the Himalayas can experience jungles to green vegetative landscapes
Although Nepal is famous for the Himalayas, this beautiful range of mountains also reaches into China, India, Bhutan, Afghanistan and Pakistan
Another well known fact is that the Himalayas is the source of the Indus Basin, the Yangtze Basin and the Ganga-Brahmaptura which are three of the worlds primary river systems
The Himalayas are geologically alive! The southern front moves approximately 20 mm a year and it is estimated that in 10 million years time, the Himalayas will have moved approximately 1,500 km into Asia