Mexicans have been famous for their distinguished art, ceramics, painting, textiles, pottery, sculpture, mask-carving, and a lot of other traditions. The development of Mexican culture is not confined to Spanish colonization, as the cultures of Aztecs, Mayas, Omlecs, Toltecs and other communities existed long before the colonization and left a remarkable impact. Indigenous groups of Mexico have been involved in making extraordinary masks for the past several centuries.
Origin of Mexican Antique Masks
Mexicans are known to have used masks as early as 3000 BC. The art of mask-carving and ceremonial pomp were customary in Mexico long before the Spanish made their debut. In Latin America, masks highlighted the rural festivities that were held to honor their saints. The Spanish occupation of America introduced new mask traditions, with favorable situations caused by the fall of religious empires. Colonial masks made their appearance after the Spanish occupation of Mexico and these masks were purposed to dramatize the religious conflict of Spain and imbue the doctrine to the natives.
Ceremonial Dance Masks of Mexico
Masks have played a vital role in Mexican rituals, dances, dramas, religious ceremonies, crop cycles and fecundity. It is amazing to note that the masks were not intended to conceal, but served as a medium through which the invisible wearer transpires as a completely different being. The transformation is magical as the audience watches the wearer perform the role of a deity, a historical character, an angel, a demon or even an animal. Catholic priests encouraged the indigenous communities to take part in their annual celebrations and Feast days. Masked dancers performed the ‘Battle of Moors and Christians’, a well-known performance that thematically represents the victory of the Christians over the Moors.
Information for Mask Enthusiasts
Antique masks from Mexico have lots to offer for mask enthusiasts who are immensely interested in exploring the rich and varied culture of the region. Apart from the cultural and historical significance, many collectors are interested in their antique value. It is important to buy antique masks from trustworthy and authentic sellers who provide adequate verification information, such as origin, correspondence and date or age. It is also important to be aware of intentional aging signs, which indicate fake masks. Museums preserve these antiques through a freezing process in order to prevent insect infestations. The highlands around Veracruz and Puebla are known for their antique mask collection. Most of the masks show marks of repeated usage in their interior surfaces, as they were worn year after year during the festivals, probably with fresh coats of painting each year.
The innate splendor and inspiration of Mexican antique masks represents only a part of its diverse and rare art forms. Many of the traditions are still preserved in Mexico, while others are unveiled through galleries and museums.