The map of Iran and its borders provides immediate testament to the richness of Iran; geopolitically, economically and socially.
Obvious observations when looking at the Iranian map are that it is situated in the Middle East and shares its borders with Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iraq, Kuwait, Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan.
The map also locates Iran on the Caspian Sea, north eastern shore of the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman.
A more detailed map of Iran would illustrate the fact that Iran is one of the world’s most mountainous regions. Indicative of this is the fact that Mount Damavand is located in Iran. West of the Himalayas, Mount Damayand is the highest volcano (dormant) in Asia and the highest peak in the Middle East. Although not detailed on the above map, Damavand is situated north east of Tehran and can be clearly seen from Tehran – weather permitting.
The position of the Zagros mountain range is documented on the map and again, is testament to the mountainous conditions across Iran.
Some elements which cannot be detailed on the Iranian map however are the abundance of natural resources situated in Iran. In particular, these are chromium, coal, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, natural gas, petroleum, sulphur and zinc.
The presence of oil in Iran (discovered in 1908 by BP) sparked social and political conditions which lay the foundations for many of the historic events which have been witnessed in Iran – in particular the overthrow of the Iranian Shah and the momentum of the Iranian revolution. The discoveries led to the first modern drilling of oil in the Middle East and took place in Masjed Soleiman which is in South Western Iran – located below Esfahan on the above map.
The abundance of oil in Iran may not change any geographical maps, but it certainly changes the geopolitical relationship maps. China and India are vying for trade with Iran to secure the energy they need to continue their economic growth and development. This is likely to lead to strained relations with the US. Coupled with this are the possible sanctions which are under discussion via the UN Security Council in response to Iran’s possible nuclear program development. If the UN Security Council proceeds to introduce such sanctions then it’s likely that Iran will cut off Oil and Gas supplies to Europe and the US all together.